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Charlottesville Grotto Constitution


  1. The name of this organization shall be the Charlottesville Grotto of the National Speleological Society. 
  2. The purposes of this organization shall be the same as those of the National Speleological Society, with the additional purpose of organizing NSS members in the Charlottesville area, to better promote the objectives of the NSS.
    1. The Grotto shall be governed by an Executive Committee made up of the following officers, all members of the NSS, and elected annually
      1.  Chairman
      2. Vice-Chairman
      3. Secretary
      4. Treasurer
      The posts of Secretary and Treasurer may be combined into a Secretary-Treasurer
    2. The Executive Committee shall have complete power to manage the business, to raise funds in any manner not inconsistent with the policies of the NSS, and to perform all other necessary  functions.
    3. Decisions or actions of the Executive Committee may be overruled by a two-third majority vote of the members.

    1. Executive Committee and general meetings shall be held at such times and places as are determined by the Committee.
    2. A petition signed by two-thirds of the membership shall be mandatory upon the Executive Committee to call a special meeting for the purpose stated in the petition.

  3. Full membership is limited to members of the NSS.
  4. The Constitution and Bylaws of the National Speleological Society shall be binding on the grotto.  Any action inconsistent therewith shall be null and void.
  5. Dissolution.  In the event of dissolution of the grotto, any NSS property shall revert to the NSS.  All assets remaining after meeting outstanding liabilities shall be assigned as agreed by the Executive Committee of the Grotto.  However, if the named recipient is not then in existence or is no longer a qualified distributee, or unwilling or unable to accept the distribution, the assets of this organization shall be distributed to a fund, foundation, or corporation organized and operated exclusively for the purposes specified in Section 501  ( c)(3) or the Internal Revenue Code of 1954 (or the corresponding provision of any future U.S. Internal Revenue law).
  6. Nonprofit Organization.  The  grotto  is a nonprofit organization.  No part of the net earnings of the group shall inure to the benefit of or be distributable to its members, trustees, officers, or other private persons, except that  the grotto shall be authorized and empowered to pay reasonable compensation for services rendered and to make payments and distribution in furtherance of the purposes set forth in the constitution of the grotto.  No substantial part of the activities of the grotto shall be the carrying on of propaganda, or otherwise attempting to influence legislation, and the grotto shall not participate in, intervene in (including the publishing or distribution of statements) any political campaign on behalf of any candidate for public office.  Notwithstanding any other provision of these bylaws, the group shall not carry on any other activities not permitted to be carried on (a) by a corporation exempt  from federal income tax under Section 501( c) (3) of the Internal Revenue Code of 1954 (or the corresponding provision of any future U.S. Internal Revenue law) or (b) by a corporation, contributions to which are deductible under Section 170 ( c) (2) of the Internal Revenue Code of  1954 (or the corresponding provision of any future U.S. Internal Revenue Law).            
  7.  Amendments to this constitution my be proposed either by the Executive Committee or by a petition of ten percent of the members in good standing.  Adoption of the amendment(s) shall require a two-thirds vote of the members voting, either in person or by absentee ballot, provided that notice of the meeting and the content of the amendment(s) shall have been announced to the membership by mail or at a meeting at least thirty days prior to the time at which the vote will be taken.